Featured Articles

I-O Psychology in New York City: Looking Back and Ahead

Harold Takooshian, Melissa W. Search, Virginia E. Schein, Walter Reichman, and Allen I. Kraut

Meredith Turner 0 3580 Article rating: No rating

Since Peter Minuit "bought" the island of Manhattan on May 24, 1626, Manhattan has emerged as a unique world center, both for commerce and for psychological science. Yet we find little published information today on the remarkable history of industrial-organizational psychology in Manhattan (Woroschinski & Takooshian, 2017).

Since 1939, the Metropolitan New York Association of Applied Psychologists (METRO) has thrived in New York City (Shapiro, Erickson, & Farmer, 2016). In 2017, METRO hosted a forum on " I-O Psychology in NYC: Its Fascinating History and Future." This segued into an expanded forum hosted by the Manhattan Psychological Association in 2018, where five experts with a combined 180 years of experience shared their impressions and unpublished information. This multiauthored essay shares our insights on developments in I-O psychology in New York City over past decades.

I-O Visibility Committee: Year in Review and Coming Attractions

Stephanie Klein, PhD, and Nikki Blacksmith, PhD

Meredith Turner 0 2903 Article rating: No rating

The time has come to transition the Visibility Committee Chair role. As part of this transition, the chairs (Stephanie Klein, departing, and Nikki Blacksmith, incoming) would like to share some of Visibility’s accomplishments with you. This past year has been amazing, and the coming year should be even better.

In this article we showcase just a subset of our committee members’ incredible efforts, preview coming attractions, and provide insight into the 6 (soon to be 7) Visibility subcommittees, where the real work takes place. As you read, please consider whether how Visibility’s efforts may align with your own passions, and consider volunteering. Once you complete the SIOP volunteer signup form, you may also wish to contact Nikki to share specific interests or relevant skills.

7 Questions and Answers About AI and I-O

Calista Tavallali, Sarah Reswow, and Jerod White The George Washington University

Meredith Turner 0 8581 Article rating: 5.0

Artificial intelligence (AI) is everywhere, from factories to self-driving cars to robotic vacuums. But what is artificial intelligence, really, and how does it influence work? Few I-O psychologists have formal training in computer science, yet most of them are aware of AI’s growing presence in the workplace. Today’s organizations are continuously adopting advanced technologies, raising questions about the intersection of AI and I-O. If you’ve ever struggled to understand the difference between a GitHub and a hubcap, or if deep learning puts you in a deep confusion, read on for a jargon-free introduction to AI and its influence on the nature of work.

The High Society

Nathan T. Carter, University of Georgia1

Meredith Turner 0 2837 Article rating: No rating

I cannot believe I am saying this, but I will be taking over Paul Muchinsky’s much-loved (and probably much-hated) role as the I-O RoastMaster General. Those who remember Paul’s column will remember that it offered a humorous—and often biting—take on issues in the field. Oddly enough, in 2006 I wrote to him while I was a graduate student in the master’s program at Western Kentucky University2 to tell him that I really enjoyed his articles and told him why I enjoyed a particular one. In his gracious response, he said to me3: “I caution you to be discrete in sharing such opinions openly as a graduate student. In the course of writing my articles I have ‘offended’ many leading figures of the establishment, who would welcome my departure from TIP. At this stage of my career I can afford such professional rebuke. You cannot. After you graduate I would be most willing to pass the torch to you if you care to take up the cause. I guarantee you will not be voted ‘most popular’ in SIOP if you choose to do so” (P. Muchinsky, personal communication, February 8, 2006).

Why Is Living Wage Not the Minimum Wage?

Kelly L. Reburn, Fiona E. Moyer, Randy J. Knebel, and Mark C. Bowler, East Carolina University

Meredith Turner 0 7691 Article rating: 5.0

Whereas organizations are legally obligated to provide their employees with a minimum wage, recent literature has introduced the concept of a living wage (e.g., see Werner & Lim, 2016).  Rather than being a threshold that employees are entitled to by law, living wage refers to the minimum income necessary for an employee to be able to meet the minimum standards of subsisting in their specific community or region (Glasmeier & MIT, 2018).  Thus, it is a relative, market-based value that combines the wages of workers with costs of basic needs in a specific geographical region (Glasmeier & MIT, 2018; Werner & Lim, 2016).  Although much of the research on living wage falls outside of the realm of I-O psychology, it is time that the concept be considered.  It is well understood that the design of compensation systems and distribution of pay contribute to employees' motivation to work (Jurgensen, 1978; Pinder, 2008).  These, however, are often influenced by legal requirements that fail to consider the region or community-specific cost of living and typical expenses.  Thus, the lowest paid employees may struggle or fail to obtain the income necessary to fulfill their basic needs.  The inability to meet basic needs can contribute to a lower quality of life and poorer well-being that, in turn, can influence the performance of low-wage workers.  Research in this area, however, is limited.  This article seeks to expand on living wage research and inspire professionals and academics in the fields of I-O psychology and occupational health psychology (OHP) to explore the question of, “Why is living wage not the minimum wage?”  More importantly, we hope to inspire research into the motivational impact associated with living wage.



Information on this website, including articles, white papers, and other resources, is provided by SIOP staff and members. We do not include third-party content on our website or in our publications, except in rare exceptions such as paid partnerships.